Crisis Management

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Earth observation data has a great potential in this domain. Whether it is data supply into crisis management support systems, critical infrastructure monitoring support, flood monitoring and damage assessment or humanitarian response support, remote sensing technology adoption can really help to save human properties and what is the most important – the lives.

 

Crisis Management Systems Support

Web-based software tools are used more and more to enhance the capabilities of crisis planners and crisis managers in both private and governamental organizations in the general security area, as well as environmental protection, utilities management, airports and seaports, healthcare, transports, roads, energy plants, borders control, etc. These systems allow not only taking advantage of distributed services for management support, but enable also to utilize various information sources in distributed manner for better monitoring and reduction of risks and for more effective response in case of threats imposed especially to the subjects of the critical infrastructure. The standardization and openness is the key to further grow of such systems in national and international levels to assure interoperability with other systems. Often, these systems include also a simulation part to allow designing, optimization and interpretation of varios scenarios and contribute to crisis managment staff training. The Earth observation and GIS technology has a great potential to support these developments as most of the crisis related information is spatial based. Gisat is involved in EO support activities of this domain both on research and application level.

Thematic services:

  • crisis management data model creation
  • web service development
  • 3D simulation
  • systems feeds simulation
 

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Disaster Monitoring and Damage Assessment

Global threats as terrorism or global warming require robust and rapid monitoring capacities allowing fast subsequent damage assessment. Earth observation technology is the key for operational solution. It is also reflected in European GMES (‘Global Monitoring for Environment and Security’) initiative, where security is one of the main concerns for the implementation of Earth observation based information services at European level. Gisat has long experience with disaster monitoring and damage assessment services, in particular for flood assessment as provided in 1997 and 2002.

Thematic services:

  • automatic water detection (using radar or/and optical data)
  • rapid flood extent map creation (using radar or/and optical data)
  • damage forecast based on land cover affected
  • insurance companies support (indemnity assessment)
  • crop damage assessment
 

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Humanitarian Response Support

The relief of human suffering resulting from natural or man made crises is a cause that all civilised humans aspire to, whether through direct physical action or indirectly through donation or supporting activities. There is an obvious and manifested requirement of the Humanitarian Aid for supply of better geospatial information to answer the essential “where” questions in timely delivery of humanitarian aid and there is also a clear huge potential of Earth observation and GIS technology to response to these demands. Nevertheless, specific of the community, delivering humanitarian and development aid, is its complexity, diversity and dynamics being formed by different organisations on global, European, national and NGO level. Therefore specification of the standard ‘humanitarian aid’ Earth observation based services is a chalenging task, requiring a good mutual understanding of the humanitarian community needs and EO community potentials. Gisat is actively present in such gradual supporting services development providing products both for humanitarian and development activities on national and European level.

Thematic services (on various scales):

  • basic image maps
  • thematic image maps
  • environmental risk maps
  • situation/damage assessment maps
  • refugee camp maps
  • natural resource mapping
  • distribution analysis maps
 

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Relevant projects

Acronym Name / Duration Customer
G-NEXT GMES pre-operational security services for supporting external actions
2013 - 2015 EC FP7 / e-GEOS Spa (Italy)
GRAAL GMES for Regions: Awareness and Access Link
2011 - 2013 EC FP7 / SpaceTec Partners SPRL (Belgium)
ISTAS Integrated snow monitoring with uncertainty analysis
2012 - 2013 European Space Agency (ESA)
EOWORLD Earth observation services for WorldBank
2011 - 2012 European Space Agency (ESA)
G-MOSAIC GMES Support to security applications
2009 - 2012 EC FP7 / e-Geos (Italy)
SAFER GMES Emergency response and development support
2009 - 2012 EC FP7 / Infoterra FR SAS (France)
SNOWMAP Snow monitoring
2010 - 2011 Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
FLOREO Demonstration of ESA Environments in support to FLOod Risk Earth Observation monitoring
2008 - 2010 European Space Agency (ESA) / Sprinx (Czech Republic)
RESPOND GMES Emergency response and development support
2007 - 2010 European Space Agency (ESA) / Infoterra UK (United Kingdom)
MEDSI Integration of Geographical Information Systems with DB, decision-support management and an auditory system to develop an advanced system that will be able to give support on decisions in a crisis
2004 - 2005 FP6 EU / Telefónica (Spain)
ODRA LC1760 Retrospective land cover database of the Odra catchment (1757-1767)
2001 Joint Research Centre (DG JRC)
FLOOD2000 RADARSAT orthophoto for mapping of floods in 2000
2000 Czech Ministry of Environment
ODRA LC1975 Land cover database of the Odra catchment in 1975-76
1998 - 1999 Joint Research Centre (DG JRC)
FLOOD1997 Mapping of flooded area during events on Morava river in 1997
1997 Czech Hydrometeorological Institute

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