Land & Urban Management

illustration.description

Land and urban management applications are explicitly sensitive to spatial data support being inherently of spatial planning domain. Therefore, support of Earth observation data and GIS technology is extensive here. In general, various application can be summarized as land status and change monitoring with focus on particular sub-themes. List of the main examples, where also Gisat is active in particular, is outlined below.

 

Soil Sealing

Soil sealing refers to changing the nature of the soil such that it behaves as an impermeable medium being covered by impervious materials. Soil sealing is nowadays a serious problem considering limited soil resources in most of the European countries compared to urban sprawl intensity. Earth observational data can contribute in monitoring and forecasting this process.

Thematic services:

  • actual or retrospective maps of built-up areas
  • actual or retrospective maps of sealing density
  • analysis of changes
  • scenario development
 

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Urban Greenery Monitoring

Due to rapid development of urban areas and urban densification, urban green areas became scarse resource. Earth observation data can support protection activities to keep quality of life for urban citizens.

Thematic services:

  • actual or retrospective maps of urban green areas
  • analysis of changes
  • scenario development
 

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Brownfields Monitoring

Brownfields are an industrial or commercial properties that remains abandoned or underutilized in part because of environmental contamination or the fear of such contamination. Brownfields, underused or abandoned industrial land that may be contaminated, can scar inner city neighborhoods and restrict economic opportunity. Redevelopment, properly conceived and implemented, can improve public health and the environment, increase investments, and create long-term improvements in housing, jobs, recreational opportunities, open space, and public facilities. Therefore current European and national programs try to reclaim brownfields for the urban development purposes and thus to keep the “green areas” preserved. Earth observational data contribute in monitoring and hot-spoting of this process.

Thematic services:

  • actual or retrospective maps of built-up areas
  • actual or retrospective maps of brownfields
  • analysis of changes
  • contamination assessment and reclaim plan support
 

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Abandoned Land Monitoring

The process of land abandonment has become widespread in the last decades in all CEEC reflecting substantial political and economical changes in this period. Nowadays, it represents a serious issue and if not solved in time, the abandonment of productive agricultural lands would further grow. Besides the major social and economical impact, the process of land abandonment has also serious ecological consequences. It endangers valuable habitats to get degraded. Particularly biodiversity of semi-natural grasslands seems to be mostly affected by land abandonment. Sustainable use and management of abandoned areas and prevention of abandonement land area enlargement is one of the policy goals both on European and national level. Assessment of the policy strategies require clear measures based on the figures on evolution of actual abandoned land area. Earth observation data can contribute to abandoned land monitoring, extent clarification and evolution dynamics.

Thematic services:

  • actual or retrospective maps of abandoned areas
  • analysis of changes
  • scenario development
 

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Relevant projects

Acronym Name / Duration Customer
HELM Harmonised European Land Monitoring
2011 - 2014 EC FP7 / Environment Agency (Austria)
HLANDATA Creation of value-added services based on Harmonized Land Use and Land Cover Datasets
2010 - 2013 EC FP7 / Gobierno de Navarra (Spain)
SLF4EEA Mapping of small linear landscape features based on satellite imagery
2011 - 2013 European Space Agency (ESA) / GeoVille Environmental Services (Luxembourg)
EOWORLD Earth observation services for WorldBank
2011 - 2012 European Space Agency (ESA)
G-MOSAIC GMES Support to security applications
2009 - 2012 EC FP7 / e-Geos (Italy)
geoland2 GMES Land Monitoring services
2008 - 2012 EC FP7 / Astrium GmbH (Germany)
IRORTHOMAP Satellite orthophotomaps of selected cities in Iraq
2010 - 2012 BOCP Development
SAFER GMES Emergency response and development support
2009 - 2012 EC FP7 / Infoterra FR SAS (France)
UrbanAtlasPlus Demonstration of use of UrbanAtlas data
2010 - 2012 European Space Agency (ESA)
EEADS Consultancy services and the provision of pan-European geo-referenced data sets to EEA
2010 - 2011 European Environment Agency (EEA)
FRAGMEN Landscape fragmentation mapping & analysis
2009 - 2011 European Environment Agency (EEA) & Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN)
ETC-LUSI European Topic Centre on Land Use and Spatial Information
2006 - 2010 European Environment Agency (EEA)
RESPOND GMES Emergency response and development support
2007 - 2010 European Space Agency (ESA) / Infoterra UK (United Kingdom)
GSE Land GSE Land Information Services
2007 - 2009 European Space Agency (ESA) / Infoterra DE (Germany)
FTSP LM GMES Fast Track Service Precursor on Land Monitoring – high-resolution core land cover data built-up areas, including degree of soil sealing
2007 - 2008 European Environment Agency (EEA) / Infoterra DE
TLCC The model and automated technology for Land Cover
2007 - 2008 INTAS
GMES GUS GMES Urban Services
2005 - 2006 European Space Agency (ESA) / INDRA (Spain)
GMES SAGE SAGE (Service for the Provision of Advanced Geoinformation on Environmental Pressure and State)
2005 - 2006 European Space Agency (ESA) / Infoterra Germany
EDGE CLC2000 DB Edge-matching
2004 - 2005 European Environmental Agency (EEA)
ERDENET Land Cover/Use Changes in ERDENET (Mongolia)
2004 - 2005 GEOMIN (Czech Republic)
M2000 Image2000 Mosaic
2004 Joint Research Centre (DG JRC)
EUROSION EUROSION (LaCoast DB extension to candidate countires)
2002 DG Environment / IGN International (France)
DongGuan Vector building database for Dongguan city
2001 Alcatel (France)
PTL/LC Phare Topic Link on Land Cover (PT/LC)
1997 - 2001 European Environmental Agency (EEA)
BT GIS Black Triangle GIS
1995 - 1996 PHARE Regional Environmental Program
CLC1990 CZ/SK CORINE Land Cover 1990 CZ/SK
1994 - 1996 PHARE Regional Environmental Program
LCMAN CZ Land Cover Map of the Czech Republic
1996 Mannesmann Eurocom GmbH (Germany)

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